History and Geography of Mijas

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Geography and History

The rich history of Mijas is worth reading, going from the Romains until today. I comment also on the legend of the 'Virgen de la Peña'. Let go back in time.

The geography of Mijas: this white village in the mountains is located about 450 meters above sea level and has a current population of about 7500 inhabitants.

Little is know of the prehistorical period of the village although remainders of this phase can be found in the surrounding walls. De history of Mijas Pueblo starts as many, with the Romans and Greeks in the 2nd century. The village was important due to his strategic location between Cadiz and Malaga. The Romans called the village TAMISA which has been shortened by the Moors to Mixa and much later converted in Mijas. Rests of this Moorish episode of the history of Mijas can be found at 'Iglesia de la Inmaculada Concepcion'. This church of the 18th century is build on the ruins of an ancient Moorish fortress that stood here from the 8th until the 15th century.

In 1487, the population of Mijas was able to win the first attack of the Catholic Monarchy, but had to surrender after several attacks. Inhabitants of Mijas were sold as slaves. During the period going from the 16th to the 19th century, Mijas suffered under constant attacks from pirates. The 'fortress like' look out towers that you can admire on the coast date from this time.

In the 19the century, the inhabitants of Mijas meanly lived of agriculture and fishing. In 1873 the road between Fuengirola and Mijas was build but it took until 1953 before the first telephone line was available in the village. at the end of the 50's a small industrial businessman launched the tourism industry and build several smaller hotels. This is the period in which Costa del Sol starts attracting tourists at the coast. Do you know that at this time La Cala in Mijas only a farmer village was with about 19 families living solely from agriculture.

De history of Mijas is very extensive but this village has also his legend! Not that this is the useful information of Mijas, but you might surprise your family and friends with the story of this legend.
At a beautifull location overseeing the bay of Fuengirola and Mijas, high up in Mijas Pueblo, you will find the ‘Virgen de la Peña’. ‘Virgen de la Peña’, is the patron of the town. The legend tells the story that the virgin appeared here on this spot to 2 shepherds on the 2nd of June 1586. In 1656 construction started for this sanctuary that still today is used by the locals. They come here to pray and put flowers down in tribute to the Virgin.


  • The ethnological Museum or Casa Museo of Mijas is situated in the old city hall of the village. It opened its doors in 1995. It represents the history and how people used to live(Ethnology) in Mijas....

    952 59 03 80

    Plaza de la Libertad 2

  • Semana Santa in Mijas is a religious event but if you are able to see this, you will be impressed. Shrines are carried through the old village with lots of serenity. They are beautiful decorated and even...

  • The Museum Picasso Málaga was Paul Picasso's wish that his work would be present in the town he was born in on 25 oktober 1881. His wish and the energy of Christine and Bernard Ruiz, daughter in law...

    902 44 33 77

    Calle San Agustín, 8

  • The wine museum in Mijas is located in the Calle San Sebastian, in the white village. The town house where the museum is located is know by the local population as the 'La Casa de Trasformación de...

    952 486 367

    C/ San Sebastian 14

  • The Tourist information office of Mijas is located in the center of the old town of Mijas Pueblo. A smaller division of the Tourist office, can be found in the town hall (Ayuntamiento) of La Cala. In the...

    952 58 90 34

    Avd. Virgin de la Peña 2A

  • In the beginning the donkeys were used by the locals to transport their loads up and down Mijas. The first tourists that arrived in this village adored it and the donkey taxi was created. Today you can...

    Plaza Virgen de la Peña, s/n

  • This fantastic museum of automobile near Mijas is located in the capital of Malaga. A former tabaco factory in 1923 is now turned into a museum with more then 90 cars. The major brands are exposed here:...


    Avda Sor Teresa Prat, 15

  • When coming to Mijas for your holidays you have really booked like a package. Mijas has several distinctive area's such as Mijas Costa with the coast and his lovely beaches. La Cala de Mijas which...

  • 902303131

    Calle Compañía 10

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